There are 5 commands headed by Flag Officers Commanding (FOCs) and 5 autonomous units. The commands are made up of 3 operational commands namely: Western, Eastern and Central Naval Commands (WNC, ENC and CNC) which are responsible for the protection and policing of the nation’s maritime environment; a Naval Training Command (NAVTRAC) and a Logistics Command (LOG COMD). The autonomous units are the Nigerian Naval Dockyard (NND), Nigerian Naval Shipyard (NNSY), the Naval Ordnance Depot (NOD), Nigerian Navy Holdings Limited (NNHL) and Naval Doctrine and Assessment Centre (NDAC). The NND and NNSY carry out third line maintenance and docking of NN ships while the NOD stores NN arms and ammunition and a limited storage for the NA, NAF and some paramilitary units. These units and facilities enable the NN to maintain the fleet for sustained operations.
The Western Naval Command
The Western Naval Command HQ is located at Apapa in Lagos. It covers the sea and coastal areas from the Nigeria/Benin border at Long 002o 49’ E to Long 006o E in Delta State from the Nigerian coastline to the limit of the nation’s EEZ.
The Command has the following units under its jurisdiction:
1. Western Fleet at Apapa.
2. NNS BEECROFT, an operations base at Apapa.
3. NNS DELTA, an operations base at Warri.
4. NNS LUGARD, an operations base at Lokoja.
5. Naval Air Station, Ojo, Lagos.
6. Nigerian Navy Reference Hospital, Ojo, Lagos.
7. Fleet Support Group (West) at Apapa.
8. NNS WEY, a maintenance unit at Navy Town, Ojo.
9. Forward Operating Bases (FOB) IGBOKODA and ESCRAVOS in Ondo and Delta States respectively.
10. Nigerian Navy Secondary School, Abeokuta.
11. Nigerian Navy Hospital Warri.
12. Nigerian Navy Secondary School, Ojo.
The Eastern Naval Command
The Eastern Naval Command (ENC) is the second operations command of the NN and it covers the sea area from Long 006o E in Delta State to the Nigeria/Cameroon border at Long 008o 30’ E, and from the Nigerian coastline to the limit of the nation’s EEZ. The headquarters is at Calabar.
The Command has the following units under its jurisdiction:
1. NNS VICTORY, an operations base at Calabar.
2. NNS PATHFINDER, an operations base at Port Harcourt.
3. NNS JUBILEE, an operations base at Ikot Abasi.
4. Eastern Fleet at Calabar.
5. FOBs BONNY, FORMOSO and IBAKA in Rivers, Bayelsa and Akwa Ibom States respectively.
6. Fleet Support Group(East) at Calabar.
7. Navy Hospitals at Calabar and Port Harcourt.
8. Nigerian Navy Secondary Schools at Calabar and Port Harcourt.
The Central Naval Command (CNC) was established February 2012 with its headquarters at Brass, Bayelsa State. Being a new command without any offices or structures on ground in Brass, a command's temporary headquarters commenced operations as a HQ (Annex) CNC at Yenagoa in March 2012 with the first wave of officers and ratings.
The Command's Area of Responsibility (AOR) extends from the area before River Benin entrance at Longitude 005 00' E to River Santa Barbara entrance at Longitude 006 30' E covering a coastal distance of about 156nm. The coastal states covered by the Command are Bayelsa and Delta states, while the inland states in the AOR include Edo, Kogi and Anambra States. Based on the CNC established AOR, all the existing naval bases and establishments located in the states within the AOR became part of the CNC. These bases and establishments are NNS DELTA, NNS LUGARD, FOB ESCRAVOS, NNH WARRI, Naval Flying Unit and Naval Outpost Onitsha. Others are the Nigerian Navy Research Institute in Amassoma and FOB FORMOSO in FORMOSO.
The benefits of establishing the CNC include but not limited to the following:
1. Enhancement of more robust employment and deployment of vessels, personnel and material to effectively police and protect the numerous rigs, platforms, oil installations, creeks and adjoining rivers in the AOR of CNC.
2. Facilitation of the integration and employment of land, maritime, air and special operations forces to gain and maintain control of the creeks, inland water ways, coastal and the high seas in the AOR of CNC.
3. Enhancement of NN capability at detecting, intercepting and interdicting of hostile actions or acts that tends to undermine security and legitimate economic activities in the AOR of CNC.
4. Increment in aid to civil authority through IS operations, humanitarian relief, Search and Rescue (SAR) amongst others in the AOR of CNC.
5. Enhancement of confidence among citizens of the area in government's efforts at creating a secured environment in the AOR of CNC.
6. Enhancement of the efforts at elimination of militancy, illegal bunkering, attacks on oil facilities and other illegal activities in the AOR of CNC.
Naval Training Command (NAVTRAC)
The main functions of the Naval Training Command (NAVTRAC) are the coordination and harmonization of training doctrines and standards for all local training in the NN as evolved by the NHQ. The Command is headed by the FOC NAVTRAC, who is assisted by 9 PSOs namely: the CSO, the Command Technical Training Officer (CTTO), Command Logistic Training Officer (CLTO) and Command Medical Training Officer (CMTO). Others are the Command Academic Training Officer (CATO), CABO, CAO, CINTO and CPM.
The units under NAVTRAC are:
1. Sea Training Unit at Victoria Island, Lagos. It is responsible for Basic Operations Sea Training, Safety Operations Sea Training, and Consolidated Operations Sea Training of all NN ships when assigned. It also conducts harbour and ship acceptance trials of vessels after major refits.
2. NNS QUORRA at Apapa, which caters for various forms of seamen professional courses for officers and ratings.
3. Nigerian Navy Engineering College (NNEC) Sapele, which caters for the technical training of all NN technical personnel.
4. The Nigerian Navy Finance and Logistic School (NNFLS) at Owerrinta.
5. Nigerian Naval College ONURA and the Nigerian Navy Basic Training School (NNBTS), which are co-located at Onne, Port Harcourt. The 2 establishments conduct basic training for officers and ratings respectively.
6. There are other professional schools, which include; the Medical Staff Training School, Offa in Kwara State, the NN School of Music at Otta and the Hydrographic School at Port Harcourt. Others are the Naval Provost and Regulating School, the Nigerian Navy Intelligence School and the Physical Training School all at Apapa, Lagos.
In 1956, when the NN was established, the Supply and Secretariat (S&S) Branch was responsible for the logistics functions of the Navy. The Branch then, was able to cope with its functions because NN had a small fleet of ships with 2 bases established during the colonial era. In the 1970s and early 1980s, NN expanded rapidly due to acquisition of more platforms and establishment of new operational bases. This expansion resulted in NN involvement in more complex operations which necessitated the need for a well-developed logistics network.
Consequently, a Logistics Branch was carved out of the S&S Branch and charged with providing logistics support for the NN. The Branch at NHQ level has 5 directorates namely; the Directorates of Armament Supply, Procurement, Projects, Ship Spares and Directorate of Supply. However, this is not exactly the same at the command levels. By 1992, the NN adopted the Corps concept as a way of improving her logistics management system. This led to the creation of 4 corps namely; Fleet Maintenance Corps, Building and Services Engineering Corps, Nigerian Navy Material Supply Corps and Naval Ordinances Corps. However, over time, it became clumsy and needed some form of re-organization.
Thus, in 2002, these Corps less the Fleet Maintenance Corps was merged and renamed Nigerian Navy Logistics Corps vide Nigerian Navy Order (NNO) 02 of 2002. Thereafter, Nigerian Navy Logistics Corps and the Fleet Maintenance Corps were merged by NNO 02 of 2008 on 14 May 2008 to form the present day NN LOGISTICS COMMAND.
The general administration of the Command is under the Flag Officer Commanding who is of Rear Admiral`s rank. The Flag Officer Commanding is directly responsible to the Chief of the Naval Staff on the implementation of logistics policies.
The Command has 4 Depots located in Lagos, Port Harcourt, Sapele and Calabar. The Depots handle materiel and POL supply to the Fleet and Bases. There are 3 Fleet Support Groups (FSGs) namely; FSG (West), FSG (East) and FSG Central in Lagos, Calabar and Warri respectively. There is also a Motor Vehicle Maintenance Group and a Helicopter Support Group (HSG) both located in Lagos. Additionally, there are plans to establish in the near future Work Services Groups (WSG) and an Underway Replenishment Group (URG).
The roles of the Logistics Command as set out in NNO 02 of 2008 are as follows:
1. Executing Nigerian Navy policies for acquisition and maintenance of capital assets.
2. Ensuring the application of naval engineering standards and processes related to maintenance of ships and equipment in the Nigerian Navy.
3. Establishing and monitoring repair and maintenance procedures, schedules and standards including maintenance of ships, aircraft and fixed assets as well as local and foreign refits of ships.
4. Identification of local capabilities in support of maintenance tasks, capital projects and materiel supply.
5. Conducting periodic inspections of all Fleet Maintenance Assets and Logistics Infrastructure.
6. Undertaking Nigerian Navy acquisitions as directed by the Naval Headquarters.
7. Procurement, storage and distribution of technical and naval stores including the establishment and monitoring of naval materiel supply procedures.
8. Monitoring and Assisting Operational Commands in respect of first and second level maintenance and supply activities.
9. Providing Storage and Test Facilities for Petroleum, Oil and Lubricants (POL) as well as all types of lubricants while ensuring the conduct of tests comply with safety regulations.
10. Acquisition, Maintenance and Building of Shore-Based Infrastructure and Equipment in accordance with Nigerian Navy Operational Requirements.
11. Preservation of Obsolete Naval Assets and Equipment for later disposal as may be directed.
12. Carrying out other duties and directives as may be given by the Naval Headquarters.
Nigerian Naval Dockyard
The Nigerian Naval Dockyard is located in Victoria Island, Lagos. Hitherto, third line maintenance was carried out either in a foreign dockyard or private ones in Nigeria, at very high cost. The Naval Dockyard in Lagos, which was commissioned on 27 August 1990, now takes care of this high level maintenance such as major overhaul of ships engines, additions and alterations, and modification of designs. The Naval Shipyard in Port Harcourt was also acquired in 1990 from Messrs Witt and Bush. Smaller ships of the NN and merchant ships are repaired there. The shipyard has built and delivered some tugboats and barges to some private organizations.